Safety & Rules are very important for any traveler in the word.Iranian people would help you in a case of difficulty and treat you as a friend. The water is clean and available everywhere. Also, you can buy mineral water in supermarkets or you find water cooler in many public places. Food is safe and clean, and most of the time not expensive. Iran is also a safe country for women who want to travel alone. Many female visitors have traveled to many cities alone in a safe and comfortable condition.
Contrary to popular belief, Iranian officialdom is fairly relaxed about what foreigners take into and out of the country; at airports, your bags probably won’t be searched at all. However, don’t take this to mean you can load your luggage with vodka, bacon and skin mags. You are allowed to import, duty-free, 200 cigarettes and 50 cigars, and a ‘reasonable quantity’ of perfume. And of course zero alcohol, which remains strictly illegal.
You’ll probably get away with any book, as long as it doesn’t have too much female skin or hair visible on the cover. You should have no trouble bringing in your laptop, shortwave radio, iPod and anything but the largest video equipment. Visitors are supposed to declare cash worth more than US$ 1000. In practice few people do and the authorities aren’t really interested.
Officially, you can take out anything you legally imported into Iran, and anything you bought, including handicrafts other than carpets or rugs up to the value of US$ 160 (hang on to your receipts), as long as they are not for ‘the purpose of trade’. You can take out a reasonable, non-commercial number of Persian carpets, 150g of gold and 3kg of silver, without gemstones. If you want to exceed these limits, you will need an export permit from the local customs office. Officially you need permission to export anything ‘antique’ (ie more than 50 years old), including handicrafts, gemstones, and coins, so there is always a slight risk that anything vaguely ‘antique’ looking could be confiscated.
A passenger is permitted to carry away one kilogram of caviar sealed by the Iranian Fishery Organization by presenting his bill of purchase. Besides standard personal effects, a foreign tourist can take away handicrafts and other permissible goods and books and magazines which are not of commercial value.
If you are worried that an expensive item might be confiscated, speak with the customs office before buying.
Dress codes in Iran
There are some dressing tips according to the Islamic rules in Iran as follows:
- Shorts are not acceptable in public places.
- Wearing ties or bows is not a problem.
- T-Shirts are acceptable.
However obeying the entire Islamic rules of dressing, is not so strict especially for tourists, but you should cover your head and hair with a scarf (called Roosari in Iran), hat or cap. But it does not mean you shall have a tight scarf around your head. Also covering your body with loose clothes like man shirt, coat or manteau (same as uniform) is necessary. Remember your arms should not be bare. Legs should be covered down to ankles. Feet can be bare and you can wear sandals. It’s a false belief that your dress must be dark in Iran! You can wear light colored clothes as Iranian females.
In winter time, apart from covering your head, the rest is the same as what you wear in your home country. These dress rules are necessary to follow the time of onboarding.
Note: once a Chador is needed (in holy places) it will be given upon entrance.
Police & Security Forces
It is unlikely you’ll have any problem with the Iranian police. The majority of those you’ll see will be busy in a fruitless effort to improve the traffic flow, and they really have no interest in hassling foreigners.In popular tourist destinations such as Isfahan, Shiraz, and Mashhad you’ll find Tourist Police inconveniently located booths. One of them should be able to speak English, or at least find someone who does.