From ancient times various tribes have lived beside Persian Gulf and shipping was popular in the Gulf since the 7th century B.C. After the establishment of the Achaemenid Dynasty, the Achaemenid kings became aware of the significance of navy and Iranian were able to sail at the Iranian seashores. A tablet discovered at Sues Canal from Darius the Great, the Achaemenid king, has called it ‘Pars Sea’. During Achaemenid rule, all the ports and islands in the Persian Gulf were controlled by the Iranians. Strabo, the famous Greek geographer who lived during the second part of first century A.D, also called the gulf ‘Persikonkaitas’. The Persian Gulf covers an area of 240.000 sq.m and connects the Iranian ports at the south to Sea of Oman and the Indian Ocean through Hormoz Strait. The length of Persian Gulf and Sea of Oman is 1.880 km.
Bandar Abbas, the capital city of Hormozgan, because of sitting at the entrance of Persian Gulf is a strategically important city, many travelers visit this province to see the Persian Gulf.